Cobalt complexes with tripodal ligands: implications for the design of drug chaperones

Bonnitcha, Paul D., Kim, Byung J., Hocking, Rosalie K., Clegg, Jack K., Turner, Peter, Neville, Suzanne M., and Hambley, Trevor W. (2012) Cobalt complexes with tripodal ligands: implications for the design of drug chaperones. Dalton Transactions, 41 (37). pp. 11293-11304.

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Extensive research is currently being conducted into metal complexes that can selectively deliver cytotoxins to hypoxic regions in tumours. The development of pharmacologically suitable agents requires an understanding of appropriate ligand-metal systems for chaperoning cytotoxins. In this study, cobalt complexes with tripodal tren (tris-(2-aminoethyl)amine) and tpa (tris-(2-pyridylmethyl)amine) ligands were prepared with ancillary hydroxamic acid, beta-diketone and catechol ligands and several parameters, including: pK(a), reduction potential and cytotoxicity were investigated. Fluorescence studies demonstrated that only tpa complexes with beta-diketones showed any reduction by ascorbate in situ and similarly, cellular cytotoxicity results demonstrated that ligation to cobalt masked the cytotoxicity of the ancillary groups in all complexes except the tpa diketone derivative [Co(naac)tpa](ClO₄)₂ (naac = 1-methyl-3-(2-naphthyl)-propane-1,3-dione). Additionally, it was shown that the hydroxamic acid complexes could be isolated in both the hydroxamate and hydroximate form and the pKₐ values (5.3-8.5) reveal that the reversible protonation/deprotonation of the complexes occurs at physiologically relevant pHs. These results have clear implications for the future design of prodrugs using cobalt moieties as chaperones, providing a basis for the design of cobalt complexes that are both more readily reduced and more readily taken up by cells in hypoxic and acidic environments.

Item ID: 28909
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1477-9234
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: DP110100461
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2013 09:22
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0302 Inorganic Chemistry > 030207 Transition Metal Chemistry @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences @ 100%
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