Preparation and characterization of catalysts for clean energy: a challenge for X-rays and electrons

Hocking, Rosalie K., Chang, Shery L.Y., MacFarlane, Douglas R., and Spiccia, Leone (2012) Preparation and characterization of catalysts for clean energy: a challenge for X-rays and electrons. Australian Journal of Chemistry, 65 (6). pp. 608-614.

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Abstract

One of the most promising approaches to addressing the challenges of securing cheap and renewable energy sources is to design catalysts from earth abundant materials capable of promoting key chemical reactions including splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen (2H₂O → 2H₂ + O₂) as well as both the oxidation (H₂ → 2H⁺) and reduction (2H⁺ → H₂) of hydrogen. Key to elucidating the origin of catalytic activity and improving catalyst design is determining molecular-level structure, in both the 'resting state' and in the functioning 'active state' of the catalysts. Herein, we explore some of the analytical challenges important for designing and studying new catalytic materials for making and using hydrogen. We discuss a case study that used the combined approach of X-ray absorption spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy to understand the fate of the molecular cluster, [Mn₄O₄L₆]⁺, in Nafion.

Item ID: 28904
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1445-0038
Additional Information:

This is an open access article published under CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license.

Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2013 09:22
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0302 Inorganic Chemistry > 030201 Bioinorganic Chemistry @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences @ 100%
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