Rates of water exchange for two cobalt(II) heteropolyoxotungstate compounds in aqueous solution

Ohlin, C. Andre, Harley, Stephen J., McAlpin, J. Gregory, Hocking, Rosalie K., Mercado, Brandon Q., Johnson, Rene L., Villa, Eric M., Fidler, Mary Kate, Olmstead, Marilyn M., Spiccia, Leone, Britt, R. David, and Casey, William H. (2011) Rates of water exchange for two cobalt(II) heteropolyoxotungstate compounds in aqueous solution. Chemistry: a European journal, 17 (16). pp. 4408-4417.

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Abstract

Polyoxometalate ions are used as ligands in water-oxidation processes related to solar energy production. An important step in these reactions is the association and dissociation of water from the catalytic sites, the rates of which are unknown. Here we report the exchange rates of water ligated to Co-II atoms in two polyoxotungstate sandwich molecules using the ¹⁷O-NMR-based Swift-Connick method. The compounds were the [Co₄(H₂O)₂(B-α-PW₉O₃₄)₂]¹⁰⁻ and the larger αββα-[Co₄(H₂O)₂(P₂W₁₅O₅₆)₂]¹⁶⁻ ions, each with two water molecules bound trans to one another in a Co-II sandwich between the tungstate ligands. The clusters, in both solid and solution state, were characterized by a range of methods, including NMR, EPR, FT-IR, UV-Vis, and EXAFS spectroscopy, ESI-MS, single-crystal Xray crystallography, and potentiometry. For [Co₄(H₂O)₂(B-α-PW₉O₃₄)₂]¹⁰⁻ at pH 5.4, we estimate: k²⁹⁸ = 1.5(5) ± 0.3 x 10(6) s⁻¹, ΔH≠ = 39.8 ± 0.4 kJ mol⁻¹, ΔS≠ = + 7.1 ± 1.2 J mol⁻¹K⁻¹ and ΔV≠ = 5.6 ± 1.6 cm³mol⁻¹. For the Wells-Dawson sandwich cluster (αββα-[Co₄(H₂O)₂₋(P₂W₁₅O₅₆)₂]¹⁶⁻) at pH 5.54, we find: k²⁹⁸ = 1.6(2) ± 0.3 x 10(6)s⁻¹, ΔH≠ = 27.6 ± 0.4 kJ mol⁻¹ ΔS≠ = -33 ± 1.3 J mol⁻¹K⁻¹ and ΔV≠ = 2.2 ± 1.4 cm³mol⁻¹ at pH 5.2. The molecules are clearly stable and monospecific in slightly acidic solutions, but dissociate in strongly acidic solutions. This dissociation is detectable by EPR spectroscopy as S=3/2 Co-II species (such as the [Co(H₂O)₆]²⁺ monomer ion) and by the significant reduction of the Co-Co vector in the XAS spectra.

Item ID: 28901
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: cobalt, oxidation, polyoxometalates, tungsten, water
ISSN: 1521-3765
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2013 09:22
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0302 Inorganic Chemistry > 030207 Transition Metal Chemistry @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences @ 100%
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