Vitamin A status of heifers fed a diet deficient in Beta Carotene

Goopy, J.P., deNys, R., Callaghan, M., and Parker, A. (2013) Vitamin A status of heifers fed a diet deficient in Beta Carotene. In: Proceedings of the Northern Beef Research Update Conference, p. 168. From: Northern Beef Research Update Conference , 12-15 August 2013, Cairns, QLD, Australia.

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Abstract

Introduction: Ruminants derive their retinol (vitamin A) requirements from β-carotene and generally have sufficient liver reserves to maintain healthy function through dry periods, but clinical vitamin A deficiency has been reported in cattle during prolonged drought (Hill et al. 2009). The level of endogenous reserves at which animals become symptomatic are unclear and manifestation of the disease seems highly variable (Jones et al. 1943). We characterised blood and liver retinol levels in growing heifers from a common background, systematically deprived of dietary β-carotene.

Material and Methods: Yearling Braham heifers (n=30) were fed a β-carotene deficient diet consisting of wheaten straw ad. lib and a wheat-based pellet, throughout the trial. Blood was collected monthly, liver tissue biopsied every 90d and weight recorded weekly. Retinol concentrations were determined by HPLC.

Results and Discussion: LW increased from 179kg (SEM 2.66 kg) at Od to 306kg (SEM 4.15kg) at 176d. Initial serum and liver retinol concentrations decreased by 29% and 91% respectively, over the corresponding period (Fig. 1). No animals displayed signs of vitamin A deficiency during the depletion period.

Decline in liver retinol over ~180d agreed with Kohlmeier and Burroughs (1970) for cattle fed dry-forage, but observed poor correlation between blood and liver retinol, except when critically low, suggesting serum retinol levels are not reliable indicators of Vitamin A reserves in young cattle.

Item ID: 28842
Item Type: Conference Item (Abstract / Summary)
Keywords: retinol, vitamin A, cattle, Bos indicus, deficiency
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Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2014 01:35
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0702 Animal Production > 070204 Animal Nutrition @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8303 Livestock Raising > 830301 Beef Cattle @ 100%
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