Optimization of nano-emulsions production by microfluidization

Jafari, Seid Mahdi, He, Yinghe, and Bhandari, Bhesh (2007) Optimization of nano-emulsions production by microfluidization. European Food Research and Technology, 225 (5-6). pp. 733-741.

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to produce an oil-in-water nano-emulsion with different compositions of the continuous and dispersed phases through microfluidization. The aqueous phase was a solution of maltodextrin with five different emulsifying ingredients including modified starch (Capsul and Hi-Cap), sodium caseinate (SC), whey protein hydrolysate (WPH), or whey protein concentrate (WPC), while the oil phase consisted of d-limonene or fish oil. Results showed that micofluidizer was capable of producing nano-emulsions (D32 as small as 150 nm) with a narrow size distribution. Generally, moderate microfluidization pressures (42–63 MPa) and cycles (1–2) were the optimum conditions beyond which, there were adverse changes in the emulsion size. For the two oils tested as the dispersed phase, fish oil emulsions had lower Sauter mean diameters (D32) but with wider size distributions than d-limonene. When different emulsifying ingredients were compared, Hi-Cap produced nano-emulsions with the narrowest distribution but highest D32 (about 600 nm). Nano-emulsions with WPC had the smallest D32 (about 200 nm) but the widest size distribution. It was found that a d-limonene volume fraction of 0.10 was the optimum dispersed-phase concentration in terms of emulsion droplet size (D32). Also, adding a surfactant (Tween 20) helped to reduce the emulsion size significantly during microfluidization, but it lead to extensive flocculation of emulsion droplets because of surfactant–biopolymer interactions and emulsifier displacement.

Item ID: 2879
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1438-2385
Keywords: nano-emulsion; fish oil; emulsifier; d-limonene; emulsification;dDroplet size distribution
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2009 04:25
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090499 Chemical Engineering not elsewhere classified @ 50%
09 ENGINEERING > 0908 Food Sciences > 090805 Food Processing @ 50%
SEO Codes: 86 MANUFACTURING > 8601 Processed Food Products and Beverages (excl. Dairy Products) > 860199 Processed Food Products and Beverages (excl. Dairy Products) not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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