Growth, osmoregulatory responses and changes to the lipid and fatty acid composition of organs from the mud crab, Scylla errata, over a road salinity range

Romano, Nicholas, Wu, Xugan, Zeng, Chaoshu, Genodepa, Jerome, and Elliman, Jennifer (2014) Growth, osmoregulatory responses and changes to the lipid and fatty acid composition of organs from the mud crab, Scylla errata, over a road salinity range. Marine Biology Research, 10 (5). pp. 460-471.

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Abstract

Aquatic animals can often undergo substantial physiological responses to salinity; however, associated lipid/fatty acid alterations to their various tissues have received little attention. To investigate this, we measured the growth of mud crab, Scylla serrata, juveniles over two moults (duration of 23-60 days) at salinities of 4, 12, 20, 28, 36 and 44‰ (30 replicates/ treatment). After the second moult, 6-day post moult crabs were sampled for hepatosomatic index (HSI), haemolymph 15 osmolality, Na⁺, K⁺ and Ca²⁺ levels, anterior/posterior gill Na⁺/K⁺-ATPase activity as well as the lipid/fatty acid composition of the anterior and posterior gills, hepatopancreas and muscle. High salinities of 36 and 44‰ significantly lowered crab growth and HSI (p<0.01). S. serrata strongly hyper-regulated haemolymph osmolality and ions likely due to significantly enhanced posterior gill Na⁺/K⁺-ATPase activity. At decreasing salinities, eicosapentaenoic acid, arachidonic acid, n-3 and long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) significantly increased (p<0.05), likely to maintain Na⁺/K⁺- 20 ATPase activity via increased membrane fluidity. Muscle and hepatopancreas n-3/n-6 PUFA ratios significantly decreased (p<0.05) at increasing salinities indicating possible fatty acid metabolic modifications. Results indicate that S. serrata juveniles are well adapted to low salinities, with higher salinities likely reducing their metabolism, reflected by lower growth, HSI and higher posterior gill and hepatopancreatic triacylglycerol.

Item ID: 28567
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1745-1019
Keywords: Scylla serrata, osmoregulation, salinity, fatty acid, Na⁺/K⁺-ATPase activity
Funders: James Cook University (JCU) Graduate Research Scheme (GRS)
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2013 07:14
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070401 Aquaculture @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8301 Fisheries - Aquaculture > 830101 Aquaculture Crustaceans (excl. Rock Lobster and Prawns) @ 100%
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