Assessment of mastication in healthy children and children with cerebral palsy: a validity and consistency study

Remijn, L., Speyer, Renee, Groen, B.E., Holtus, P.C.M., Van Limbeek, J., and Nijhuis-Van der Sanden, M.W.G. (2013) Assessment of mastication in healthy children and children with cerebral palsy: a validity and consistency study. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 40 (5). pp. 336-347.

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The aim of this study was to develop the Mastication Observation and Evaluation instrument for observing and assessing the chewing ability of children eating solid and lumpy foods. This study describes the process of item definition and item selection and reports the content validity, reproducibility and consistency of the instrument. In the developmental phase, 15 experienced speech therapists assessed item relevance and descriptions over three Delphi rounds. Potential items were selected based on the results from a literature review. At the initial Delphi round, 17 potential items were included. After three Delphi rounds, 14 items that regarded as providing distinctive value in assessment of mastication (consensus >75%) were included in the Mastication Observation and Evaluation instrument. To test item reproducibility and consistency, two experts and five students evaluated video recordings of 20 children (10 children with cerebral palsy aged 2965 months and 10 healthy children aged 1142 months) eating bread and a biscuit. Reproducibility was estimated by means of the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). With the exception of one item concerning chewing duration, all items showed good to excellent intra-observer agreement (ICC students: 0 center dot 731 center dot 0). With the exception of chewing duration and number of swallows, inter-observer agreement was fair to excellent for all items (ICC experts: 0 center dot 681 center dot 0 and ICC students: 0 center dot 421 center dot 0). Results indicate that this tool is a feasible instrument and could be used in clinical practice after further research is completed on the reliability of the tool.

Item ID: 28346
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1365-2842
Keywords: mastication, validity, consistency, assessment, children, cerebral palsy
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2013 05:32
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110321 Rehabilitation and Therapy (excl Physiotherapy) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920111 Nervous System and Disorders @ 100%
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