On the non-phonemic status of the velar nasal [ƞ] in Jivaroan

Overall, Simon (2008) On the non-phonemic status of the velar nasal [ƞ] in Jivaroan. Línguas Indígenas Americanas (LIAMES), 8. pp. 45-59.

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The modern Jivaroan languages and the reconstructed proto language have all been assigned a velar nasal phoneme /ƞ/ by previous analysts. In this paper I argue that such an analysis is incorrect, and propose that the velar nasals in surface forms come from two sources. The first is assimilation of an underlying unspecified syllable-final nasal archiphoneme /N/ to a following velar stop /k/. The second concerns a group of velar nasals that surface only in Aguaruna and arise as a syllable-final allophone of the phoneme /h/. I also propose to reconstruct a rhotic phoneme for the proto language rather than a velar nasal, and show that it has merged with /h/ in Aguaruna. Historical, comparative and documentary evidence is adduced to support these hypotheses.

Item ID: 28162
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2177-7160
Keywords: Jivaroan, phonology, reconstruction
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This article is distributed under a Creative Commons, Attribution, Non-commercial, No-derivatives license.

Funders: La Trobe University
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2013 06:29
FoR Codes: 20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2004 Linguistics > 200408 Linguistic Structures (incl Grammar, Phonology, Lexicon, Semantics) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970120 Expanding Knowledge in Language, Communication and Culture @ 100%
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