Development of a Model for the Control of Fasciolosis in Cattle and Buffaloes in Cambodia

Skerratt, Lee Francis, and Sothoeun, Suon (2009) Development of a Model for the Control of Fasciolosis in Cattle and Buffaloes in Cambodia. Report. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR), Canberrra, ACT.

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Abstract

[Extract] In Cambodia, around 87% of land cultivated by farmers is ploughed by draft cattle and water buffaloes and the rest by agricultural machinery. Cattle and buffaloes are also an import source of income for farmers when sold for slaughter or fattening. Therefore, the cattle industry is crucial to Cambodia like other neighbouring countries in the region. However, cattle and buffaloes have decreased draught capacity and lower calving rates and weight gain due to fasciolosis caused by infection with the giant liver fluke Fasciola gigantica. Humans can also be infected if they ingest intermediate stages of the parasite. Despite the importance of fasciolosis in Cambodia, the distribution of the disease is not known and control is not commonly practiced as most Cambodian farmers have minimal knowledge of fasciolosis.

Therefore this project aimed to develop a model for control that would determine the geographical risk of fasciolosis using geographical information systems (GIS) risk modelling, develop extension outputs that result in control methods being adopted by farmers, demonstrate the cost benefits of control and result in a national control strategy. We trained staff from the Department of Animal Health and Production (DAHP) and Office of Animal Health and Production (OAHP) Kandal Province in extension methodology, developed extension materials and conducted extension on the epidemiology of fasciolosis in two farming villages in Saang district in Kandal Province in Cambodia from 2004 until 2006. The effects and acceptance of this extension on farmer knowledge, understanding and control of fasciolosis were assessed by questionnaire from 2004-2007. Farmers were assessed and compared both before and after extension. They were also compared with farmers in a nearby control village where extension was not carried out. A cost benefit analysis was also carried out during this intervention study. A GIS risk model was updated and validated using prevalence data collected in Kampong Cham Province.

Item ID: 28055
Item Type: Report (Report)
ISBN: 978-1-921615-26-9
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2013 23:54
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0702 Animal Production > 070205 Animal Protection (Pests and Pathogens) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8303 Livestock Raising > 830399 Livestock Raising not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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