Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender parents seeking health care for their children: a systematic review of the literature

Shields, Linda, Zappia, Tess, Blackwood, Diana, Watkins, Rochelle, Wardrop, Joan, and Chapman, Rose (2012) Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender parents seeking health care for their children: a systematic review of the literature. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, 9 (4). pp. 200-209.

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Abstract

Background: Few studies have examined the issues faced by lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT)-parented families in relation to their access to and satisfaction with healthcare services for their children. It is thought that LGBT individuals have experienced negative interactions with the healthcare environment.

Aims: To systematically review the literature investigating the experience of LGBT parents seeking health care for their children.

Methods: A search of the following databases: Cochrane Library, CINAHL, Embase, Google Scholar, Medline, PsychInfo, Science Direct, Sociological Abstracts, Proquest, Scopus, and Web of Science was conducted. Using the PRISMA flow chart and processes of the United Kingdom Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, we selected and analysed relevant studies.

Findings: Four studies that met the inclusion criteria were identified. Studies showed that while the experience of LGBT parents seeking health care was largely positive, strategies need to be implemented to improve the quality of healthcare services for LGBT families and ensure that their needs are met.

Discussion: Although many LGBT parents have positive experiences of health care, some still experience discrimination and prejudice.

Implications for practice: Specific educational interventions are needed to support LGBT parents seeking health care for their children.

Conclusions: Further research is required to explore LGBT-parented families' experiences of healthcare services, and this should include children's experiences.

Item ID: 27772
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1741-6787
Keywords: lesbian; gay; transgender; bisexual; parents; family-centred care; sexuality; homosexuality
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2013 00:29
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1110 Nursing > 111003 Clinical Nursing: Secondary (Acute Care) @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine > 111403 Paediatrics @ 25%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111707 Family Care @ 25%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920599 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) not elsewhere classified @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920210 Nursing @ 50%
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