Progressive deformation partitioning and deformation history: evidence from millipede structures

Bell, T.H., and Bruce, M.D. (2007) Progressive deformation partitioning and deformation history: evidence from millipede structures. Journal of Structural Geology, 29 (1). pp. 18-35.

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The progressive development and migration of patterns of deformation partitioning at all scales through the rock matrix commonly destroys any record of the ductile history associated with previous events making the problem of similar structures developing through multiple pathways generally intractable. However, records of the small-scale geometries that form as deformation commences and begins to partition through a rock are routinely trapped and protected by porphyroblasts because these large crystals nucleate and/or grow at this time. This allows examination of the geometry of microstructures formed at the start of deformation partitioning that were destroyed by the same event in the matrix, or which formed during an event prior to any preserved in the matrix. Porphyroblasts locally preserve oppositely concave microfolds (“millipedes”), which, in all examples that we have found, exclusively indicate a deformation history of bulk inhomogeneous shortening. Very similar structures have been formed experimentally during inhomogeneous simple shear but can readily be distinguished from those trapped in porphyroblasts that form during progressive bulk inhomogeneous shortening. Oppositely concave microfolds in some porphyroblasts reveal that deformation near orthogonal to a previously developed foliation occurred by axial plane shear driven rotation that led to rapid reactivational “card-deck-like” collapse of the pre-existing foliation. Differentiated crenulation cleavages may result from the same process providing yet another reason for the cessation of porphyroblast growth at the start of differentiation.

Item ID: 2740
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-1201
Keywords: progressive bulk inhomogeneous shortening; shear sense; porphyroblast nucleation; porphyroblast growth; coaxial deformation; crenulation cleavage development
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Date Deposited: 07 May 2009 23:02
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040312 Structural Geology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences @ 100%
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