Two genetic loci independently confer susceptibility to autoimmune gastritis

Ang, Desmond K.Y., Brodnicki, Thomas C., Jordan, Margaret A., Wilson, Wendy E., Silveira, Pablo, Gliddon, Briony L., Baxter, Alan G., and van Driel, Ian R. (2007) Two genetic loci independently confer susceptibility to autoimmune gastritis. International Immunology, 19 (9). pp. 1135-1144.

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Autoimmune gastritis is a CD4+ T cell-mediated disease induced in genetically susceptible mice by thymectomy on the third day after birth. Previous linkage analysis indicated that Gasa1 and Gasa2, the major susceptibility loci for gastritis, are located on mouse chromosome 4. Here we verified these linkage data by showing that BALB.B6 congenic mice, in which the distal ~40 Mb of chromosome 4 was replaced by C57BL/6 DNA, were resistant to autoimmune gastritis. Analysis of further BALB.B6 congenic strains demonstrated that Gasa1 and Gasa2 can act independently to cause full expression of susceptibility to autoimmune disease. Gasa1 and Gasa2 are located between D4Mit352-D4Mit204 and D4Mit343-telomere, respectively. Numerical differences in Foxp3+ regulatory T cells were apparent between the BALB/c and congenic strains, but it is unlikely that this phenotype accounted for differences in autoimmune susceptibility. The positions of Gasa1 and Gasa2 correspond closely to the positions of Idd11 and Idd9, two autoimmune diabetes susceptibility loci in nonobese diabetic (NOD), mice and this prompted us to examine autoimmune gastritis in NOD mice. After neonatal thymectomy, NOD mice developed autoimmune gastritis, albeit at a slightly lower incidence and severity of disease than in BALB/c mice. Diabetes-resistant congenic NOD.B6 mice, harbouring a B6-derived interval encompassing the Gasa1/2-Idd9/11 loci, demonstrated a slight reduction in the incidence of autoimmune gastritis. This reduction was not significant compared with the reduction observed in BALB.B6 congenic mice, suggesting a difference in the genetic aetiology of autoimmune gastritis in NOD and BALB mice.

Item ID: 2711
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1460-2377
Keywords: autoimmune susceptibility genes, autoimmunity, T cells, tolerance
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2009 02:56
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1107 Immunology > 110799 Immunology not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920108 Immune System and Allergy @ 100%
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