Alanine scanning mutagenesis of the prototypic cyclotide reveals a cluster of residues essential for bioactivity

Simonsen, Shane M., Sando, Lillian, Rosengren, K. Johan, Wang, Conan K., Colgrave, Michelle L., Daly, Norelle L., and Craik, David J. (2008) Alanine scanning mutagenesis of the prototypic cyclotide reveals a cluster of residues essential for bioactivity. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 283 (15). pp. 9805-9813.

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The cyclotides are stable plant-derived mini-proteins with a topologically circular peptide backbone and a knotted arrangement of three disulfide bonds that form a cyclic cystine knot structural framework. They display a wide range of pharmaceutically important bioactivities, but their natural function is in plant defense as insecticidal agents. To determine the influence of individual residues on structure and activity in the prototypic cyclotide kalata B1, all 23 non-cysteine residues were successively replaced with alanine. The structure was generally tolerant of modification, indicating that the framework is a viable candidate for the stabilization of bioactive peptide epitopes. Remarkably, insecticidal and hemolytic activities were both dependent on a common, well defined cluster of hydrophilic residues on one face of the cyclotide. Interestingly, this cluster is separate from the membrane binding face of the cyclotides. Overall, the mutagenesis data provide an important insight into cyclotide biological activity and suggest that specific self-association, in combination with membrane binding mediates cyclotide bioactivities.

Item ID: 27100
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1083-351X
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Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2013 06:18
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0304 Medicinal and Biomolecular Chemistry > 030406 Proteins and Peptides @ 100%
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