Tyrosine-rich conopeptides affect voltage-gated K+ channels

Imperial, Julita S., Chen, Ping, Sporning, Annett, Terlau, Heinrich, Daly, Norelle L., Craik, David J., Alewood, Paul F., and Olivera, Baldomero M. (2008) Tyrosine-rich conopeptides affect voltage-gated K+ channels. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 283 (34). pp. 23026-23032.

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Abstract

Two venom peptides, CPY-Pl1 (EU000528) and CPY-Fe1 (EU000529), characterized from the vermivorous marine snails Conus planorbis and Conus ferrugineus, define a new class of conopeptides, the conopeptide Y (CPY) family. The peptides have no disulfide cross-links and are 30 amino acids long; the high content of tyrosine is unprecedented for any native gene product. The CPY peptides were chemically synthesized and shown to be biologically active upon injection into both mice and Caenorhabditis elegans; activity on mammalian Kv1 channel isoforms was demonstrated using an oocyte heterologous expression system, and selectivity for Kv1.6 was found. NMR spectroscopy revealed that the peptides were unstructured in aqueous solution; however, a helical region including residues 12-18 for one peptide, CPY-Pl1, formed in trifluoroethanol buffer. Clones obtained from cDNA of both species encoded prepropeptide precursors that shared a unique signal sequence, indicating that these peptides are encoded by a novel gene family. This is the first report of tyrosine-rich bioactive peptides in Conus venom.

Item ID: 27093
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1083-351X
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Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2013 06:25
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1101 Medical Biochemistry and Metabolomics > 110106 Medical Biochemistry: Proteins and Peptides (incl Medical Proteomics) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences @ 100%
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