Ageing and long-term CD4 cell count trends in HIV-positive patients with 5 years or more combination antiretroviral therapy experience

Wright , S.T., Petoumenos, K., Boyd, M., Carr, A., Downing, S., O'Connor, C.C., Grotowski, M., and Law, M.G. (2013) Ageing and long-term CD4 cell count trends in HIV-positive patients with 5 years or more combination antiretroviral therapy experience. HIV Medicine, 14 (4). pp. 208-216.

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Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the long-term changes in CD4 cell counts beyond 5 years of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). If natural ageing leads to a long-term decline in the immune system via low-grade chronic immune activation/inflammation, then one might expect to see a greater or earlier decline in CD4 counts in older HIV-positive patients with increasing duration of cART.

Methods: Retrospective and prospective data were examined from long-term virologically stable HIV-positive adults from the Australian HIV Observational Database. We estimated mean CD4 cell count changes following the completion of 5 years of cART using linear mixed models.

Results: A total of 37 916 CD4 measurements were observed for 892 patients over a combined total of 9753 patient-years. Older patients (> 50 years old) at cART initiation had estimated mean (95% confidence interval) changes in CD4 counts by year-5 CD4 count strata (< 500, 500–750 and > 750 cells/μL) of 14 (7 to 21), 3 (–5 to 11) and –6 (–17 to 4) cells/μL/year. Of the CD4 cell count rates of change estimated, none were indicative of long-term declines in CD4 cell counts.

Conclusions: Our results suggest that duration of cART and increasing age do not result in decreasing mean changes in CD4 cell counts for long-term virologically suppressed patients, indicating that the level of immune recovery achieved during the first 5 years of treatment is sustained through long-term cART.

Item ID: 26950
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1468-1293
Keywords: ageing; CD4 T-cell count; HIV infection; long-term; combination antiretroviral therapy response
Funders: The Foundation for AIDS Research, National Institutes of Health’s National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Projects and Grants: U01-AI069907
Date Deposited: 17 May 2013 05:08
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1107 Immunology > 110799 Immunology not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920108 Immune System and Allergy @ 100%
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