Algal bioproducts derived from suspended solids in intensive land-based aquaculture

Castine, Sarah A., Paul, Nicholas A., Magnusson, Marie, Bird, Michael I., and de Nys, Rocky (2013) Algal bioproducts derived from suspended solids in intensive land-based aquaculture. Bioresource Technology, 131. pp. 113-120.

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Abstract

Land-based aquaculture produces suspended solids in culture pond and settlement pond waters that could be harvested as a bioresource. Suspended solids were quantified, characterised and harvested from these two sources to assess their suitability for conversion to bioproducts. The suspended solids of settlement ponds were less concentrated (87.6 ± 24.7 mg L⁻¹) than those of culture ponds (131.8 ± 8.8 mg L⁻¹), but had a higher concentration of microalgae (27.5 ± 4.0%) and consequently higher particulate organic carbon (24.8 ± 4.7%) and particulate nitrogen (4.0 ± 0.8%). The microalgal community also differed between sources with a higher concentration of fatty acids in the biomass from settlement ponds. Consequently, biochar produced from biomass harvested from settlement ponds was higher in organic carbon and nitrogen, with a lower cation exchange capacity. In conclusion, we characterised a renewable and potentially valuable bioresource for algal bioproducts derived from suspended solids in intensive land-based aquaculture.

Item ID: 26862
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: aquaculture; wastewater; suspended solids; lipids; biochar
ISSN: 1873-2976
Funders: Advanced Manufacturing Cooperative Research Centre (AMCRC)
Date Deposited: 13 May 2013 00:46
FoR Codes: 10 TECHNOLOGY > 1002 Environmental Biotechnology > 100203 Bioremediation @ 50%
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070401 Aquaculture @ 50%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8301 Fisheries - Aquaculture > 830105 Aquaculture Prawns @ 50%
83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8398 Environmentally Sustainable Animal Production > 839804 Management of Solid Waste from Animal Production @ 50%
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