Allergic airway disease is unaffected by the absence of IL-4Rα–dependent alternatively activated macrophages

Nieuwenhuizen, Natalie E., Kirstein, Frank, Jayakumar, Jaisubash, Emedi, Babele, Hurdayal, Ramona, Horsnell, William, Lopata, Andreas, and Brombacher, Frank (2012) Allergic airway disease is unaffected by the absence of IL-4Rα–dependent alternatively activated macrophages. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 130 (3). 743-750.e8.

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Abstract: Background: Markers of alternatively activated macrophages (AAMs) are upregulated in the lungs of asthmatic patients and in mice with allergic airway disease. AAMs are thought to contribute to the pathogenesis of allergic airway disease by virtue of their decreased NO production and increased production of proline and polyamines, which are important in the synthesis of connective tissues such as collagen.

Objective: We aimed to define the role of AAMs in the pathogenesis of allergic airway disease.

Methods: The IL-4 receptor alpha (IL-4R alpha) gene is genetically abrogated in macrophages in LysM(cre)IL-4R alpha(-/lox) mice, which therefore have impaired IL-4/IL-13 activation of AAMs through IL-4R types 1 and 2. Responses of LysM(cre)IL-4R alpha(-/lox) mice and IL-4R alpha(-/lox) littermate controls were examined in ovalbumin- and house dust mite-induced allergic airway disease.

Results: IL-4R alpha expression was shown to be efficiently depleted from alveolar macrophages, interstitial macrophages, and CD11b(+)MHCII(+) inflammatory macrophages. Although the expression of markers of AAMs such as Ym-1, arginase and found in inflammatory zone 1 was decreased in macrophages of LysM(cre)IL-4R alpha(-/lox) mice in chronic ovalbumin-induced allergic airway disease, airway hyperreactivity, T(H)2 responses, mucus hypersecretion, eosinophil infiltration, and collagen deposition were not significantly reduced. LysM(cre)IL-4R alpha(-/lox) mice and littermate controls also developed similar responses in acute ovalbumin-and house dust mite-induced allergic airway disease.

Conclusion: Our results suggest that the presence of AAMs in allergic airway disease may be only an association, as a result of the increased T(H)2 responses present during disease, and that IL-4R alpha-dependent AAMs do not play an important role in the pathology of disease. (J Allergy Clin Immunol 2012;130:743-50.)

Item ID: 26612
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1097-6825
Keywords: Asthma, IL-4 receptor alpha, alternatively activated macrophages, M2
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2013 22:59
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1107 Immunology > 110704 Cellular Immunology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920108 Immune System and Allergy @ 100%
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