Impact of human colonization on the landscape: a view from the western Pacific

Summerhayes, Glenn R., Leavesley, Matthew, and Fairbairn, Andy (2009) Impact of human colonization on the landscape: a view from the western Pacific. Pacific Science, 63 (4). pp. 725-745.

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Abstract

In this paper we review and assess the impact of colonizing peoples on their landscape by focusing on two very different colonizing processes within the western Pacific. The first is the initial human colonization of New Guinea 45,000–40,000 years ago by hunter-foraging populations; the second is the colonization of smaller offshore islands of the Bismarck Archipelago, some 3,300 years ago, by peoples argued to have practiced agriculture: two different colonizing processes by two different groups of peoples with two different social structures practicing two very different subsistence strategies. The impact of these two colonization processes on the environment is compared and contrasted, and commonalities identified for the archaeological and vegetation record.

Item ID: 26596
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1534-6188
Keywords: archaeology, Pacific archaeology, Papua New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago, colonisation, colonization
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2013 01:43
FoR Codes: 21 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 2101 Archaeology > 210106 Archaeology of New Guinea and Pacific Islands (excl New Zealand) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9505 Understanding Past Societies > 950599 Understanding Past Societies not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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