Absorption and transmission power coefficients for millimeter waves in a weakly ionised vegetation fire

Mphale, Kgakgamatso, and Heron, Mal (2007) Absorption and transmission power coefficients for millimeter waves in a weakly ionised vegetation fire. Journal of Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves, 28 (10). pp. 865-879.

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Abstract

A vegetation fire plume is a weakly ionised gaseous medium. Electrons in the plume are mainly due to thermal ionisation of incumbent alkali impurities. The medium is highly collisional with free electron - neutral particle been the dominant particle interaction mechanism. Signal strength of an incident millimetre wave (MM-Wave) may be significantly attenuated in the plume depending on the extent of ionisation. A numerical experiment was set to investigate signal power loss of a MM-Wave incident on a simulated weakly ionised fire plume with flame maximum (seat) temperature ranging from 1000–1150 K. The simulated fire plume had alkali impurities (potassium) content of 1.0% per unit volume. MM-Wave frequency range investigated in the experiment is from 30–60 GHz. The simulation has application in the prediction of MM-Wave propagation in a crown forest fire and may also be applied in remote sensing studies of forest fire environments. Simulated attenuation per unit path length for the MM-Wave frequencies ranged from 0.06–24.00 dBm−1. Phase change per unit path length was simulated to range from 2.97–306.17°m−1 while transmission power coefficients ranged from maximum of 0.9996 for a fire plume at 1000 K to a minimum value of 0.8265 for a plume at a temperature of 1150 K over a plume depth of 1.20 m. Absorption power coefficient ranged from a minimum value of 0.0004 to maximum value of 0.1585 at a seat temperature of 1150 K over the plume depth.

Item ID: 2654
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1866-6906
Keywords: signal attenuation; forest fire; weakly ionised gas; ionisation; phase change
Date Deposited: 07 May 2009 03:28
FoR Codes: 10 TECHNOLOGY > 1005 Communications Technologies > 100505 Microwave and Millimetrewave Theory and Technology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 87 CONSTRUCTION > 8799 Other Construction > 879999 Construction not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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