Implantable devices: issues and challenges

Bazaka, Kateryna, and Jacob, Mohan V. (2013) Implantable devices: issues and challenges. Electronics, 2 (1). pp. 1-34.

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Abstract

Ageing population and a multitude of neurological and cardiovascular illnesses that cannot be mitigated by medication alone have resulted in a significant growth in the number of patients that require implantable electronic devices. These range from sensors, gastric and cardiac pacemakers, cardioverter defibrillators, to deep brain, nerve, and bone stimulators. Long-term implants present specific engineering challenges, including low energy consumption and stable performance. Resorbable electronics may offer excellent short-term performance without the need for surgical removal. However, most electronic materials have poor bio- and cytocompatibility, resulting in immune reactions and infections. This paper reviews the current situation and highlights challenges for future advancements.

Item ID: 26421
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: implantable electronic device; bioresorbable electronics; radio-frequency (RF) wireless powering; encapsulation
ISSN: 2079-9292
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2013 05:16
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0903 Biomedical Engineering > 090304 Medical Devices @ 50%
09 ENGINEERING > 0906 Electrical and Electronic Engineering > 090601 Circuits and Systems @ 30%
09 ENGINEERING > 0903 Biomedical Engineering > 090301 Biomaterials @ 20%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering @ 100%
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