Effects of Beauveria bassiana on survival, blood-feeding success and fecundity of Aedes aegypti in laboratory and semi-field conditions

Darbro, Jonathan M., Johnson, Petrina H., Thomas, Matthew B., Ritchie, Scott A., Kay, Brian H., and Ryan, Peter A. (2012) Effects of Beauveria bassiana on survival, blood-feeding success and fecundity of Aedes aegypti in laboratory and semi-field conditions. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 86 (4). pp. 656-664.

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Abstract

The fungus Beauveria bassiana reduces Aedes aegypti longevity in laboratory conditions, but effects on survival, blood-feeding behavior, and fecundity in realistic environmental conditions have not been tested. Adult, female Ae. aegypti infected with B. bassiana (FI-277) were monitored for blood-feeding success and fecundity in the laboratory. Fungal infection reduced mosquito-human contact by 30%. Fecundity was reduced by (mean ± SD) 29.3 ± 8.6 eggs per female per lifetime in the laboratory; egg batch size and viability were unaffected. Mosquito survival, blood-feeding behavior, and fecundity were also tested in 5 meter×7 meter×4 meter semi-field cages in northern Queensland, Australia. Fungal infection reduced mosquito survival in semi-field conditions by 59–95% in large cages compared with 61–69% in small cages. One semi-field cage trial demonstrated 80% reduction in blood-feeding; a second trial showed no significant effect. Infection did not affect fecundity in large cages. Beauveria bassiana can kill and may reduce biting of Ae. aegypti in semi-field conditions and in the laboratory. These results further support the use of B. bassiana as a potential biocontrol agent against Ae. aegypti.

Item ID: 26374
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1476-1645
Funders: National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)
Date Deposited: 15 May 2013 04:21
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1108 Medical Microbiology > 110804 Medical Virology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920404 Disease Distribution and Transmission (incl. Surveillance and Response) @ 100%
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