Patient-oriented learning: a review of the role of the patient in the education of medical students

Spencer, John, Blackmore, David, Heard, Sam, McCrorie, Peter, McHaffie, David, Scherpbier, Albert, Sen Gupta, Tarun, Singh, Kuldip, and Southgate, Lesley (2000) Patient-oriented learning: a review of the role of the patient in the education of medical students. Medical Education, 34 (10). pp. 851-857.

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Aim: To explore the contribution patients can make to medical education from both theoretical and empirical perspectives, to describe a framework for reviewing and monitoring patient involvement in specific educational situations and to generate suggestions for further research.

Methods: Literature review.

Results: Direct contact with patients can be seen to play a crucial role in the development of clinical reasoning, communication skills, professional attitudes and empathy. It also motivates through promoting relevance and providing context. Few studies have explored this area, including effects on the patients themselves, although there are examples of good practice in promoting more active participation.

Conclusion: The Cambridge framework is a tool for evaluating the involvement of patients in the educational process, which could be used by curriculum planners and teachers to review and monitor the extent to which patients are actively involved. Areas for further research include looking at the 'added value' of using real, as opposed to simulated, patients; more work on outcomes for patients (other than satisfaction); the role of real patients in assessment; and the strengths and weaknesses of different models of patient involvement.

Item ID: 26173
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1365-2923
Keywords: clinical competence; communication; education; medical; undergraduate; methods; professional–patient relations; review literature (publication type); teaching methods
Date Deposited: 09 Apr 2013 04:36
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences > 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920506 Rural Health @ 100%
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