Kramers problem for nonequilibrium current-induced chemical reactions

Dzhioev, Alan A., and Kosov, D.S. (2011) Kramers problem for nonequilibrium current-induced chemical reactions. Journal of Chemical Physics, 135 (7). 074701. pp. 1-5.

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Abstract

We discuss the use of tunneling electron current to control and catalyze chemical reactions. Assuming the separation of time scales for electronic and nuclear dynamics we employ Langevin equation for a reaction coordinate. The Langevin equation contains nonconservative current-induced forces and gives nonequilibrium, effective potential energy surface for current-carrying molecular systems. The current-induced forces are computed via Keldysh nonequilibrium Green's functions. Once a nonequilibrium, current-depended potential energy surface is defined, the chemical reaction is modeled as an escape of a Brownian particle from the potential well. We demonstrate that the barrier between the reactant and the product states can be controlled by the bias voltage. When the molecule is asymmetrically coupled to the electrodes, the reaction can be catalyzed or stopped depending on the polarity of the tunneling current.

Item ID: 26162
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1089-7690
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2013 01:46
FoR Codes: 02 PHYSICAL SCIENCES > 0202 Atomic, Molecular, Nuclear, Particle and Plasma Physics > 020201 Atomic and Molecular Physics @ 50%
03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0307 Theoretical and Computational Chemistry > 030704 Statistical Mechanics in Chemistry @ 50%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences @ 100%
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