Adsorption of lactic acid on chiral Pt surfaces: a density functional theory study

Franke, J-H., and Kosov, D.S. (2013) Adsorption of lactic acid on chiral Pt surfaces: a density functional theory study. Journal of Chemical Physics, 138 (8). 084705. pp. 1-7.

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Abstract

The adsorption of the chiral molecule lactic acid on chiral Pt surfaces is studied by density functional theory calculations. First, we study the adsorption of L-lactic acid on the flat Pt(111) surface. Using the optimed PBE - van der Waals (oPBE-vdW) functional, which includes van der Waals forces on an ab initio level, it is shown that the molecule has two binding sites, a carboxyl and the hydroxyl oxygen atoms. Since real chiral surfaces are (i) known to undergo thermal roughening that alters the distribution of kinks and step edges but not the overall chirality and (ii) kink sites and edge sites are usually the energetically most favored adsorption sites, we focus on two surfaces that allow qualitative sampling of the most probable adsorption sites. We hereby consider chiral surfaces exhibiting (111) facets, in particular, Pt(321) and Pt(643). The binding sites are either both on kink sites—which is the case for Pt(321) or on one kink site—as on Pt(643). The binding energy of the molecule on the chiral surfaces is much higher than on the Pt(111) surface. We show that the carboxyl group interacts more strongly than the hydroxyl group with the kink sites. The results indicate the possible existence of very small chiral selectivities of the order of 20 meV for the Pt(321) and Pt(643) surfaces. L-lactic acid is more stable on Pt(321)S than D-lactic acid, while the chiral selectivity is inverted on Pt(643)S. The most stable adsorption configurations of L- and D-lactic acid are similar for Pt(321) but differ for Pt(643). We explore the impact of the different adsorption geometries on the work function, which is important for field ion microscopy.

Item ID: 26156
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1089-7690
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2013 01:19
FoR Codes: 02 PHYSICAL SCIENCES > 0204 Condensed Matter Physics > 020403 Condensed Matter Modelling and Density Functional Theory @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences @ 100%
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