Behaviour of laminar plane fountains with a parabolic inlet velocity profile in a homogeneous fluid

Srinarayana, N., Armfield, S.W., and Lin, Wenxian (2013) Behaviour of laminar plane fountains with a parabolic inlet velocity profile in a homogeneous fluid. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 67. pp. 87-95.

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The behaviour of plane laminar fountains with parabolic velocity inlet profile is studied using numerical simulation over the parametric range 0.25 ≤ Fr ≤ 10.0, 50 ≤ Re ≤ 150 and Pr = 7, 300, 700. The behaviour of the flow is most strongly affected by the Froude number and to a lesser extent by the Reynolds number, particularly for weak fountains at low Reynolds numbers. Behaviour is independent of the Prandtl number over the parametric range investigated. Three distinct regimes are observed: a steady symmetric pattern at low Froude numbers (Fr < 1.25), an unsteady periodic flapping characterised by lateral oscillations at intermediate Froude numbers (1.25 ≤ Fr ≤ 2.25) and an unsteady aperiodic flapping at higher Froude numbers. Based on dimensional analysis, the rise height of the fountain is shown to follow the correlation z(m)~Fr⁴/³⁻²/³⁽ᶜ⁺ᵈ⁾Re⁻⁽ᶜ⁺ᵈ⁾Pr⁻ᵈ. The constants c and d are determined from numerical results for each regime.

Item ID: 26152
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1290-0729
Keywords: plane fountain; numerical simulation; scaling; flapping; stability; parabolic velocity profile
Funders: Australian Research Council, Natural Science Foundation of China, Yunnan Provincial Science Foundation
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2013 05:17
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering > 091504 Fluidisation and Fluid Mechanics @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering @ 100%
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