Psychosocial safety climate as an antecedent of work characteristics and psychological strain: a multilevel model

Dollard, Maureen, Opie, Tessa, Lenthall, Sue, Wakerman, John, Knight, Sabina, Dunn, Sandra, Rickard, Greg, and MacLeod, Martha (2012) Psychosocial safety climate as an antecedent of work characteristics and psychological strain: a multilevel model. Work and Stress, 26 (4). pp. 385-404.

[img] PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

View at Publisher Website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02678373.2012....
 
25
4


Abstract

Psychosocial safety climate (PSC) refers to a specific organizational climate for the psychological health of workers. It is largely determined by management and at low levels is proposed as a latent pathogen for psychosocial risk factors and psychological strain. Using an extended Job Demands-Control-Support framework, we predicted the (24 month) cross-level effects of PSC on psychological strain via work conditions. We used a novel design whereby data from two unrelated samples of nurses working in remote areas were used across time (N=202, Time 1; N=163, Time 2), matched at the work unit level (N= 48). Using hierarchical linear modelling we found that unit PSC assessed by nurses predicted work conditions (workload, control, supervisor support) and psychological strain in different nurses in the same work unit 24 months later. There was evidence that the between-group relationship between unit PSC and psychological strain was mediated via Time 2 work conditions (workload, job control) as well as Time 1 emotional demands. The results support a multilevel work stress model with PSC as a plausible primary cause, or "cause of the causes", of work-related strain. The study adds to the literature that identifies organizational contextual factors as origins of the work stress process.

Item ID: 25993
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: work stress, psychosocial safety climate, Job Demands-Control Model, Job Demand-Control-Support Model, nurses
ISSN: 1464-5335
Funders: Australian Research Council
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2013 23:41
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9599 Other Cultural Understanding > 959999 Cultural Understanding not elsewhere classified @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 4
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page