The Cairns Model: evaluating the context of an open-space, closed circuit television system in an urban centre in tropical Australia

Pointing, E. Shane, Hayes-Jonkers, Charmaine S., and Clough, Alan R. (2012) The Cairns Model: evaluating the context of an open-space, closed circuit television system in an urban centre in tropical Australia. Crime Prevention and Community Safety, 2012 (14). pp. 104-121.

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Abstract

Australian and United Kingdom evaluations of open-space, closed circuit television (CCTV) systems in urban areas were reviewed in an attempt to identify elements of good practice and assess the Cairns Regional Council's (CRC) CCTV system against them. Recommended management and operational practices were extracted from peer reviewed public health and criminological literature and government reports. These were grouped by key topics and tabulated. CRC's CCTV manuals were examined. Observational sessions, open-ended discussions and focus groups with operators and stakeholders were used to identify operational and management practices. These were then compared with those found in the literature and the results fed back to Council. We found the Cairns CCTV model generally met recommended guidelines but improvements are possible. This article also situates this study within debate surrounding the adequacy of CCTV evaluation. Our evaluation used a public health 'continuous quality improvement' approach incorporating elements of a criminological 'realist evaluation' methodology. This identified 10 contexts within which to postulate and test, with further research, the mechanisms through which the Cairns CCTV system operates. Implications for improving our understanding of the effectiveness of CCTV are discussed.

Item ID: 25910
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1460-3780
Keywords: open-space; CCTV; evaluation; good-practice; methods
Funders: Cairns Regional Council
Projects and Grants: Inner City Safety Partnership
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2013 23:44
FoR Codes: 16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1602 Criminology > 160206 Private Policing and Security Services @ 40%
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1608 Sociology > 160801 Applied Sociology, Program Evaluation and Social Impact Assessment @ 40%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified @ 20%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920409 Injury Control @ 60%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences @ 20%
91 ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK > 9104 Management and Productivity > 910405 Public Sector Productivity @ 20%
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