Iron-induced oxidative stress in haemodialysis patients: a pilot study on the impact of diabetes

Van Campenhout, Ann, Van Campenhout, Christel, Lagrou, Albert, and Manuel-y-Keenoy, Begoña (2008) Iron-induced oxidative stress in haemodialysis patients: a pilot study on the impact of diabetes. BioMetals, 21 (2). pp. 159-170.

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Background: Administration of intravenous iron preparations in haemodialysis patients may lead to the appearance of non-transferrin bound iron which can catalyse oxidative damage. We investigated this hypothesis by monitoring the oxidative stress of haemodialysis patients and the impact of iron and diabetes mellitus herein.

Materials and methods: Baseline values of serum iron and related proteins, transferrin glycation, non-transferrin bound iron, antioxidant capacity and lipid peroxidation (malondialdehyde) of 11 haemodialysis patients (six non-diabetic and five type 2 diabetes) were compared to those of non-haemodialysis control subjects (non-diabetic and type 2 diabetes). Changes in these parameters were monitored during haemodialysis before and after iron administration.

Results: Baseline values of malondialdehyde correlated with ferritin concentration (r = 0.664, P = 0.036) and were elevated to the same extent in non-diabetic and diabetic haemodialysis patients (median of 1.09 compared to 0.60 μmol/l in control persons, P < 0.02). After iron infusion, transferrin saturation increased more markedly in non-diabetic subjects from 28% to 185% vs. from 33% to 101% in diabetic patients (P = 0.008). This increase was accompanied by the appearance of non-transferrin bound iron (5.91 ± 1.33 μmol/l), a loss in plasma iron-binding antioxidant capacity and a further increase in malondialdehyde which was more pronounced in diabetic patients (from 0.93 ± 0.30 μmol/l to 2.21 ± 0.69 μmol/l vs. from 1.21 ± 0.42 μmol/l to 1.86 ± 0.56 μmol/l in the non-diabetic subjects, P = 0.046).

Conclusions: In haemodialysis patients, higher lipid peroxidation is determined by higher body iron stores. The increase induced by iron infusion is accompanied by a loss in iron-binding antioxidant capacity and is more pronounced in diabetes mellitus.

Item ID: 25807
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1572-8773
Keywords: haemodialysis; iron; oxidative stress; diabetes
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2013 00:26
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology > 110202 Haematology @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110306 Endocrinology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920104 Diabetes @ 100%
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