Mechanisms for triceps surae injury in high performance front row rugby union players: a kinematic analysis of scrummaging drills

Flavell, Carol A., Sayers, Mark G.L., Gordon, Susan J., and Lee, James B. (2013) Mechanisms for triceps surae injury in high performance front row rugby union players: a kinematic analysis of scrummaging drills. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 12. pp. 159-164.

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Abstract

The front row of a rugby union scrum consists of three players. The loose head prop, hooker and tight head prop. The objective of this study was to determine if known biomechanical risk factors for triceps surae muscle injury are exhibited in the lower limb of front row players during contested scrummaging. Eleven high performance front row rugby union players were landmarked bilaterally at the posterior superior iliac spine (PSIS), greater trochanter, lateral femoral epicondyle, midline of the calcaneus above the plantar aspect of the heel, midline lower leg 5cm and 20cm proximal to the lateral malleolus, at the axis of subtalar joint, lateral malleolus, and head of the fifth metatarsal. Players were video recorded during a series of 2 on 1 live scrummaging drills. Biomechanical three dimensional analysis identified large angular displacements, and increased peak velocities and accelerations at the ankle joint during attacking scrummaging drill techniques when in the stance phase of gait. This places the triceps surae as increased risk of injury and provides valuable information for training staff regarding injury prevention and scrum training practices for front row players.

Item ID: 25301
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: rugby, athletes, kinematics, injuries
Additional Information:

Article freely available from publisher website.

ISSN: 1303-2968
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2013 06:04
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110604 Sports Medicine @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920116 Skeletal System and Disorders (incl. Arthritis) @ 100%
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