A new species of Leptolalax (Anura: Megophryidae) from central Vietnam

Rowley, Jodi J.L., Hoang, Huy Duc, Dau, Vinh Quang, Thi Thuy Le, Duong, and Tien Cao, Trung (2012) A new species of Leptolalax (Anura: Megophryidae) from central Vietnam. Zootaxa, 3321. pp. 56-68.

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Abstract

We describe a new species of Leptolalax from central Vietnam. Leptolalax firthi sp. nov. is distinguished from its congeners by a combination of the following characters: an absence of distinct dark brown or black dorsolateral markings; toes with rudimentary webbing and wide lateral dermal fringes in males and weak or absent lateral dermal fringes in females; most males with wide lateral dermal fringes on Finger II; medium size (26.4–29.2 mm in 21 adult males, 25.7–36.9 mm in 14 females); and near immaculate white chest and belly. The male advertisement call of the new species, consisting of 2–5 notes with a dominant frequency of 5.4–6.6 kHz (at 18.3–21.2º C) is also unique among Leptolalax species for which calls are known. Uncorrected sequence divergences between L. firthi and all homologous 16S rRNA sequences available were >10%. At present, the new species is known from montane evergreen forest between ~860–1720 m elevation in Kon Tum and Quang Nam Provinces. The extreme sexual dimorphism observed in L. firthi in terms of lateral dermal fringing, a morphological character often used to distinguish Leptolalax species, highlights the importance of ensuring interspecific comparisons in the genus are performed separately for each sex.

Item ID: 25241
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1175-5334
Keywords: bioacoustics, Kon Tum Plateau, Leptolalax firthi sp. nov., Southeast Asia, sexual dimorphism
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2013 02:27
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0603 Evolutionary Biology > 060301 Animal Systematics and Taxonomy @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960803 Documentation of Undescribed Flora and Fauna @ 70%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960807 Fresh, Ground and Surface Water Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 30%
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