TaqMan real-time PCR for detection of hepatopancreatic parvovirus from Australia

La Fauce, Kathy A., Layton, Ramon, and Owens, Leigh (2007) TaqMan real-time PCR for detection of hepatopancreatic parvovirus from Australia. Journal of Virological Methods, 140 (1-2). pp. 10-16.

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Hepatopancreatic parvovirus is an emerging disease in crustacean aquaculture. Consequently, methods of detection are needed that enable the sensitive detection and confirmation of the virus better than currently used methods such as histology and conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR). A TaqMan based real-time PCR assay was developed for the detection of the Australian isolate of hepatopancreatic parvovirus which is only 85% similar to its nearest known relative. The TaqMan assay was developed within the capsid protein region of the genome and is optimised to detect as little as 10 copies of the targeted sequence per PCR vial. The hepatopancreatic parvovirus primers and probe were HPV140F 5′-CTA CTC CAA TGG AAA CTT CTG AGC-3′, HPV140R 5′-GTG GCG TTG GAA GGC ACT TC-3′ and HPV140probe 5′-FAM TAC CGC CGC ACC GCA GCA GC TAMRA-3′, respectively. The assay was specific for the hepatopancreatic parvovirus strain from Australian Penaeus merguiensis as it did not detect related crustacean and canine parvoviruses from Australia. In addition, the very low homology of the target sequence with published sequences from the Thai and Korean strains of hepatopancreatic parvovirus and other prawn viruses such as WSSV, suggested this assay would be specific for the Australian hepatopancreatic parvovirus isolate. Furthermore, it detected hepatopancreatic parvovirus in 22/22 wild-caught P. merguiensis clinical samples and 473/545 (87%) farmed P. merguiensis. This assay has the potential to be used for diagnostic purposes and in robotic applications, particularly for the detection and quantitation of low-grade infections.

Item ID: 2506
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 0166-0934
Keywords: hepatopancreatic parvovirus; real-time PCR; Australia; TaqMan
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2009 03:56
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070401 Aquaculture @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8301 Fisheries - Aquaculture > 830199 Fisheries - Aquaculture not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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