Time factor in consolidation: critical review

Lovisa, Julie, Read, Wayne, and Sivakugan, Nagaratnam (2013) Time factor in consolidation: critical review. International Journal of Geomechanics, 13 (1). pp. 83-86.

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The magnitude of consolidation settlement is often calculated using Terzaghi's expression for average degree of consolidation (U) with respect to time. Developed during a time of limited computing capabilities, Terzaghi's series solution to the one-dimensional consolidation equation was generalized using dimensionless time factor (T), where a single U-T curve is used to describe the consolidation behaviour of both singly and doubly drained strata. As a result, any comparisons between one- and two-way drainage are indirect and confined to discrete values of time. By introducing a modified time factor T* in terms of layer thickness (D) instead of the maximum drainage pat length (Hdr), it is now possible to observe the effect of drainage conditions over a continuous range of time for a variety of asymmetric initial excess pore pressure distributions. although two separate U-T plots are required (for singly and doubly drained cases), the time factor at specific times remains the same for both cases, enabling a direct visual comparison. The importance of a revised time factor is evident when observing the endpoint of consolidation, which occurs as U approaches 100%. This occurs at T*≅0.5 for two-way drainage and at T*≅2 for one-way drainage, an observation not possible using the traditional expression for time factor.

Item ID: 24877
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1943-5622
Keywords: pore pressure, soil consolidation, clays, time factors
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2013 00:03
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090501 Civil Geotechnical Engineering @ 100%
SEO Codes: 87 CONSTRUCTION > 8702 Construction Design > 870201 Civil Construction Design @ 100%
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