Spatial deixis in Ashéninka Perené (Arawak): Semantics, pragmatics, and syntax of the demonstrative markers=ka, =ra, and =nta

Mihas, Elena (2012) Spatial deixis in Ashéninka Perené (Arawak): Semantics, pragmatics, and syntax of the demonstrative markers=ka, =ra, and =nta. Línguas Indígenas Americanas (LIAMES), 12. pp. 39-65.

[img] PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (452kB)
View at Publisher Website: http://www.iel.unicamp.br/revista/index....
 
312


Abstract

The paper reports on the speaker-oriented demonstrative clitics =ka 'near speaker', =ra 'not in the speaker's interactional space', and =nta 'far from the speaker'. It is shown that in situational (deictic) use, the most relevant criteria for the three-way choice are the referent's spatial contiguity to the speaker, touching or direct contact with the referent, pointing with a hand or chin, and eye gaze. Apart from serving as markers of nominal definiteness, the bound forms are found to be used anaphorically, as well as to introduce new participants and mark 'discourse-new-but-hearer-old' information. The bound forms are also used on the syntactic levels of predication and subordination. On the predication level, =ka, =ra, =nta function either as adverbial locality clitics or modal operators, whereas in clause combining the bound forms occur as subordinating temporal or locative conjunctions.

Item ID: 24366
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2177-7160
Keywords: Ashéninka Perené; Arawak; spatial deixis; exophoric use; endophoric use; syntactic distribution
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2013 02:54
FoR Codes: 20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2004 Linguistics > 200408 Linguistic Structures (incl Grammar, Phonology, Lexicon, Semantics) @ 60%
20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2003 Language Studies > 200399 Language Studies not elsewhere classified @ 20%
20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2004 Linguistics > 200403 Discourse and Pragmatics @ 20%
SEO Codes: 95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9502 Communication > 950299 Communication not elsewhere classified @ 50%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970120 Expanding Knowledge in Language, Communication and Culture @ 50%
Downloads: Total: 312
Last 12 Months: 7
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page