Human immunodeficiency virus and respiratory disorders: clinical and diagnostic considerations

McBride, William John, and Greenhill, Andrew R. (2010) Human immunodeficiency virus and respiratory disorders: clinical and diagnostic considerations. Papua New Guinea Medical Journal, 53 (3-4). pp. 169-175.

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Respiratory infections are a major health burden for the people of Papua New Guinea(PNG) who are positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). In the face of an ongoing HIV epidemic, little is known about the epidemiology and aetiology of respiratory infections in people living with HIV in PNG. In this article we provide an overview of the most important respiratory pathogens in HIV-positive people globally, focusing primarily on adults. Particular attention is given to respiratory viruses, bacterial pathogens such as Streptococcus pneumoniae and Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and Pneumocystis jiroveci. In doing so we highlight the need for a better understanding of the aetiology of respiratory infections in HIV-positive people in PNG. A study is underway that aims to determine the aetiology of common infectious illnesses in HIV-positive people in PNG, focusing on respiratory infections, diarrhoeal diseases and febrile illness. The results of this study should guide future prevention, diagnostic and treatment strategies.

Item ID: 23711
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 0031-1480
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This article is freely available in PDF from the publisher's website and can be found at the following link:

Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2012 04:11
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110309 Infectious Diseases @ 30%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111715 Pacific Peoples Health @ 40%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1108 Medical Microbiology > 110804 Medical Virology @ 30%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920404 Disease Distribution and Transmission (incl. Surveillance and Response) @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920109 Infectious Diseases @ 50%
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