Australia and New Zealand

Leder, Karin, Torresi, Joseph, and Shaw, Marc (2011) Australia and New Zealand. In: Petersen, Eskild, Chen , Lin H., and Schlagenhauf, Patricia, (eds.) Infectious Diseases: a geographic guide. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, UK, pp. 326-340.

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Australia has both temperate and tropical areas, the temperate areas being the southern and coastal regions, and the tropical areas being central and northern Australia. Temperate Australia and New Zealand have similar health services and diseases, with the risks of most common community illnesses (e.g., gastroenteritis, respiratory viruses) being similar to those in other developed countries globally. However, a number of diseases found in temperate Australia have never been reported from New Zealand, including Ross River virus (RRV), Murray valley encephalitis (MVE), Barmah Forest virus (BFV), Q fever, tick typhus, scrub typhus, Hendra virus, lyssavirus, and Mycobacterium ulcerans.

The tropical areas of Australia are sparsely populated, have relatively basic medical services, and have different disease patterns. Especially among Australian Aborigines, there are high rates of infections such as Strongyloides stercoralis, HTLV-1, rheumatic fever, trachoma, melioidosis, and scabies.

Item ID: 23477
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-0-470-65529-0
Keywords: Australia and New Zealand; Ross River virus (RRV); Murray Valley encephalitis (MVE); Barmah Forest virus (BFV); Q fever; tick typhus; bacterial and mycobacterial infections; spotted fever group; Queensland tick typhus; Rickettsia australis; epidemiology of meningococcal disease; pattern seen in industrialized nations; Murray Valley encephalitis (MVE); infrequent disease; Northern Territory; South Australia; ear nose and throat infections; pulmonary symptoms; immunocompromised host; infections of liver; spleen and peritoneum; fever without focal symptoms
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2012 01:21
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1108 Medical Microbiology > 110802 Medical Infection Agents (incl Prions) @ 33%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111711 Health Information Systems (incl Surveillance) @ 34%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified @ 33%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920404 Disease Distribution and Transmission (incl. Surveillance and Response) @ 33%
92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920109 Infectious Diseases @ 34%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences @ 33%
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