Temperature sensitivity of tropical forest soil respiration increase along an altitudinal gradient with ongoing decomposition

Zimmermann, Michael, and Bird, Michael I. (2012) Temperature sensitivity of tropical forest soil respiration increase along an altitudinal gradient with ongoing decomposition. Geoderma, 187-188. pp. 8-15.

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Abstract

Knowing the impact of warming on soil organic matter (SOM) is crucial for estimating future soil CO2 effluxes. Whether different soil fractions and carbon (C) complexes have different temperature sensitivities is still a matter of debate. To measure the temperature sensitivity of tropical forest soils with ongoing decomposition, we collected soil cores from three sites along an altitudinal gradient with a difference in mean annual soil temperature of about 8 °C. The intact soil cores were incubated at 5, 15, 25 and 35 °C, respiration rates quantified, and the soil cores reinstalled at the collection sites. This procedure was repeated after six months and after one year to quantify the impact of ongoing decomposition on the temperature sensitivity (Q10) of respiration. Changes in chemical composition were determined by infra-red spectroscopy, and C distribution was partitioned by fractionation into fine roots, particulate organic matter (POM) and mineral-associated organic matter (MOM) from soil sub-samples at the start of the experiment and after one year of decomposition. Despite the different provenances, the soils revealed the same respiration patterns with Q10 values of 1.43–1.58 at the start of the experiment and 2.02–2.21 after one year. Carbon use efficiencies were lower for more stable SOM. Chemical composition of bulk SOM did not change to a measureable extent after one year, and SOM dynamics could not be related to changes in Q10 values. Of the analysed properties, the largest impact seems to have been on the decomposition of organic matter from the POM fractions, which might have been responsible for the observed increases in Q10 values.

Item ID: 23024
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1872-6259
Keywords: soil respiration, Q10, tropical soils, fractionation, DRIFT spectroscopy
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2012 05:29
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0503 Soil Sciences > 050301 Carbon Sequestration Science @ 50%
04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0402 Geochemistry > 040204 Organic Geochemistry @ 50%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970105 Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences @ 100%
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