Diet and nutrition in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): pointers for nutritional management

Farshchi, H., Rane, A., Love, A., and Kennedy, R.L. (2007) Diet and nutrition in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): pointers for nutritional management. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 27 (8). pp. 762-773.

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Abstract

PCOS patients are not always markedly overweight but PCOS is strongly associated with abdominal obesity and insulin resistance. Effective approaches to nutrition and exercise improve endocrine features, reproductive function and cardiometabolic risk profile - even without marked weight loss. Recent studies allow us to make recommendations on macronutrient intake. Fat should be restricted to ≤30% of total calories with a low proportion of saturated fat. High intake of low GI carbohydrate contributes to dyslipidaemia and weight gain and also stimulates hunger and carbohydrate craving. Diet and exercise need to be tailored to the individual's needs and preferences. Calorie intake should be distributed between several meals per day with low intake from snacks and drinks. Use of drugs to either improve insulin sensitivity or to promote weight loss are justified as a short-term measure, and are most likely to be beneficial when used early in combination with diet and exercise.

Item ID: 2299
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1364-6893
Keywords: nutrition; lifestyle modifications; polycystic ovary syndrome
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2009 05:51
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine > 111402 Obstetrics and Gynaecology @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110306 Endocrinology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920114 Reproductive System and Disorders @ 34%
92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920199 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) not elsewhere classified @ 33%
92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920411 Nutrition @ 33%
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