A comparison of bacterial colonisation between Teflon and polyurethane short term intravenous catheters

Spelta, C.W., Tan, R.H.H., Picard, J., and Gummow, B. (2012) A comparison of bacterial colonisation between Teflon and polyurethane short term intravenous catheters. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 26 (3). p. 743.

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Abstract

The effect of catheter material on intravenous catheterisation complications in horses are unknown. This study evaluated the presence of bacterial colonisation on Teflon® and polyurethane short term intravenous catheters in healthy adult horses undergoing elective surgery. Horses on admission for elective surgery were randomly allocated according to catheter type. Sixteen horses received Teflon® catheters and 19 received polyurethane. Aseptic catheter placement and removal was standardised, however systemic antibiotic treatment was case dependant and at the clinician’s discretion. To simulate routine clinical practice, face masks were not worn during placement nor were the catheters bandaged. Catheters were maintained for 74 hours and assessed for clinical evidence of catheter site reaction, phlebitis or thrombosis twice daily. Bacteria were cultured from 69% of Teflon® and 89% of polyurethane catheters. Multiple isolates were found in 31% of Teflon® and 42% of polyurethane catheters The Fisher exact test showed no difference between the proportion of catheters with colonisation (P=0.28) or multiple isolates (P=0.76). The microbes cultured were predominantly gram positive, similar to other equine and human studies. Multiple-drug resistance was seen regularly, regardless of antibiotic treatment. Despite this, no clinical evidence of phlebitis or thrombosis occurred in any horse. It was concluded, that was no clear association between bacterial colonisation of Teflon® or polyurethane catheters (0.9<RR<1.87). The unexpected large proportion of bacterial isolates in the absence of clinical signs was also evaluated and suggests that the equine immune system plays a role in the development of septic phlebitis or thrombosis.

Item ID: 22661
Item Type: Article (Abstract)
ISSN: 1939-1676
Additional Information:

Presented at 2012 American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (ACVIM) Forum (New Orleans, May 30- June 2, 2012)

Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2012 10:02
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070706 Veterinary Medicine @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8303 Livestock Raising > 830306 Horses @ 100%
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