The way forward with ecosystem-based management in tropical contexts: reconciling with existing management systems

Aswani, Shankar, Christie, Patrick, Muthiga, Nyawira A., Mahon, Robin, Primavera, Jurgenne H., Cramer, Lori A., Granek, Elise F., Kennedy, Chris J., Wolanski, Eric, and Hacker, Sally (2012) The way forward with ecosystem-based management in tropical contexts: reconciling with existing management systems. Marine Policy, 36 (1). pp. 1-10.

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Abstract

This paper discusses some of the challenges and opportunities that can arise when implementing ecosystem-based management (EBM) in tropical nations. EBM creates a new series of challenges, problems, and opportunities that must be considered in light of existing governance and management frameworks in a local context. The paper presents five case studies from different parts of the tropical world, including Oceania, insular and continental Southeast Asia, East Africa, and the Caribbean, which illustrate that the implementation of EBM in watershed and marine ecosystems offers a new series of challenges and opportunities for its inclusion with existing forms of environmental governance and management. The paper suggests that EBM is best thought of as an expansion of customary management (CM) and integrated coastal management (ICM), rather than a paradigm shift, and that it has certain benefits that are worth integrating into existing systems when possible. The paper concludes that the cultural and institutional context of CM as well as the experience, technical skills, and legal basis that serve ICM programs are logical platforms from which to build EBM programs. Some guidelines for creating hybrid management regimes are suggested. In sum, declining marine species and ecosystems require urgent action, necessitating utilization of existing paradigms such as ICM and CM as a foundation for building EBM.

Item ID: 22658
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1872-9460
Keywords: customary management, EBM, integrated coastal management, hybridization, tropics, watershed
Funders: National Science Foundation
Projects and Grants: DEB-0553768
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2012 10:04
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management @ 40%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050211 Wildlife and Habitat Management @ 30%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 30%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960507 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments @ 100%
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