Combining RNA-DNA swapping and quantitative polymerase chain reaction for the detection of influenza A nucleoprotein

Morin, Isabelle, and Schaeffer, Patrick M. (2012) Combining RNA-DNA swapping and quantitative polymerase chain reaction for the detection of influenza A nucleoprotein. Analytical Biochemistry, 420 (2). pp. 121-126.

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Abstract

The detection of proteinaceous antigens generally relies on traditional immunoassays and, more recently, on immuno-PCR (polymerase chain reaction) assays and their derivatives, which do not take advantage of the intrinsic function or binding property of a protein. The RNA-binding nucleoprotein has been shown to be an excellent target for the development of various influenza A diagnostics due to its high antigenicity and the presence of large numbers in the virus. It binds nonspecifically to the sugar-phosphate backbone of RNA as well as to single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) in vitro. We decided to take advantage of this property to develop an ssDNA probe for the detection of nucleoprotein by quantitative PCR (qPCR). We found that recombinant influenza A nucleoprotein from avian H5N1 subtype binds strongest to a 74-base-long ssDNA. Two systems, one comprising an antibody-based nucleoprotein capture surface and the other based on direct nucleoprotein adsorption under denaturing conditions, were developed combining the replacement of RNA bound to nucleoprotein by a discrete ssDNA probe and a qPCR for the detection of nucleoprotein in the low picomolar (pM) range.

Item ID: 22649
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: nucleoprotein; orthomyxoviridae; paramyxoviridae; protein–DNA interactions; influenza; diagnostic; viral detection; qPCR; H5N1; urea denaturation; ebola; measles
ISSN: 1096-0309
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2012 09:44
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology > 060101 Analytical Biochemistry @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920109 Infectious Diseases @ 100%
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