Cloning, expression, and characterization of a novel Opisthorchis viverrini calcium-binding EF-hand protein

Senawong, Gulsiri, Laha, Thewarach, Loukas, Alex, Brindley, Paul J., and Sripa, Banchob (2012) Cloning, expression, and characterization of a novel Opisthorchis viverrini calcium-binding EF-hand protein. Parasitology International, 61 (1). pp. 94-100.

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Abstract

A novel 22.8 kDa of Opisthorchis viverrini (Ov) calcium-binding EF-hand protein (Ov CaBP) was identified and isolated from an immunoscreening of the adult stage Ov cDNA library by using a human cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) serum. This protein was related to other calcium-binding proteins and conserved among the trematodes. Ov CaBP shared 98% amino acid identity to 22.8 kDa of Clonorchis sinensis CaBP 40 both were classified as a new group of CaBP EF-hand protein by multiple sequence alignment and phylokenetic tree analysis. The open reading frame of Ov CaBP was 585 bp which encoded for 194 amino acids. The N-terminal part is composed of two calcium-binding EF-hand motifs whereas the C-terminal part contains a dynein light chain motif (DLC). In addition, transcription analysis by RT-PCR revealed that it was constitutively transcribed in all stages, including metacercariae, juvenile, and adult. Furthermore, recombinant Ov CaBP protein (rOv CaBP) was expressed as a soluble protein and antibody generated against this rOv CaBP protein was capable of, detecting Ov CaBP in the Ov somatic extracts but not in Ov ES products. This anti-rOv CaBP serum was also used to localize Ov CaBP in Ov infected hamster's liver sections which the distribution of Ov CaBP was located in gut epithelium, miracidia in eggs and slightly in parenchyma. Moreover, rOv CaBP protein showed a calcium-binding property in non-denaturing gel mobility shift assay.

Item ID: 22168
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-0329
Keywords: Opisthorchis viverrini, calcium-binding EF-hand, protein expression, gel mobility shift assay, immunolocalization
Funders: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease (NIAID), National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2012 16:01
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0304 Medicinal and Biomolecular Chemistry > 030406 Proteins and Peptides @ 20%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1108 Medical Microbiology > 110803 Medical Parasitology @ 40%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1112 Oncology and Carcinogenesis > 111299 Oncology and Carcinogenesis not elsewhere classified @ 40%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920102 Cancer and Related Disorders @ 60%
92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920109 Infectious Diseases @ 40%
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