Key issues in the conservation of the Australian coastal archaeological record: natural and human impacts

Rowland, Michael John, and Ulm, Sean (2012) Key issues in the conservation of the Australian coastal archaeological record: natural and human impacts. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 16 (2). pp. 159-171.

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Australia has an extensive coastline extending over 60,000 km through diverse tropical and temperate environments. Indigenous archaeological sites are found along this coastline from the time of earliest settlement at least 50,000 years ago. However, Pleistocene sites are rare owing largely to the destructive impacts of sea-level change associated with the end of the last ice age around 10,000 years ago. After this sites are more numerous but there is variability around the coastline due to the impact of a range of both natural and human factors. Here we focus on six key issues impacting on the development and conservation of coastal archaeological deposits: sea-levels, climate change, cyclones, storms, tsunamis and contemporary human impacts. A number of examples of these impacts are discussed from across Australia. Managing and monitoring of sites has been limited in Australia and geoindicators are discussed as a means of developing a long-term measurement of continuing impacts.

Item ID: 21862
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1874-7841
Keywords: archaeology, coastal and island archaeology, cultural heritage management, Australian Indigenous archaeology, sea-levels, cyclones, tsunamis, climate change, monitoring, geoarchaeology
Copyright Information: Published Version: (C) Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010. Accepted Version: Open access after 12 month embargo.
Date Deposited: 08 May 2012 06:26
FoR Codes: 21 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 2101 Archaeology > 210101 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Archaeology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9503 Heritage > 950302 Conserving Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage @ 100%
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