Comanagement of coral reef social-ecological systems

Cinner, Joshua E., McClanahan, Tim R., MacNeil, M. Aaron, Graham, Nicholas A.J., Daw, Tim M., Mukminin, Ahmad, Feary, David A., Rabearisoa, Ando L., Wamukota, Andrew, Jiddawi, Narriman, Campbell, Stuart J., Baird, Andrew H., Januchowski-Hartley, Fraser A., Hamed, Salum, Lahari, Rachael, Morove, Tau, and Kuange, John (2012) Comanagement of coral reef social-ecological systems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109 (14). pp. 5219-5222.

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In an effort to deliver better outcomes for people and the ecosystems they depend on, many governments and civil society groups are engaging natural resource users in collaborative management arrangements (frequently called comanagement). However, there are few empirical studies demonstrating the social and institutional conditions conducive to successful comanagement outcomes, especially in small-scale fisheries. Here, we evaluate 42 comanagement arrangements across five countries and show that: (i) comanagement is largely successful at meeting social and ecological goals; (ii) comanagement tends to benefit wealthier resource users; (iii) resource overexploitation is most strongly influenced by market access and users' dependence on resources; and (iv) institutional characteristics strongly influence livelihood and compliance outcomes, yet have little effect on ecological conditions.

Item ID: 21700
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1091-6490
Keywords: common property, governance, human-environment interaction, institutional design principles, common-pool resources
Additional Information:

Freely available online through the PNAS open access option.

Date Deposited: 10 May 2012 05:20
FoR Codes: 16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1608 Sociology > 160802 Environmental Sociology @ 50%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050209 Natural Resource Management @ 50%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960506 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Fresh, Ground and Surface Water Environments @ 100%
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