A nonlinear time-variant constrained model for rainfall-runoff

Datta, Bithin, and Lettenmaier, Dennis P. (1985) A nonlinear time-variant constrained model for rainfall-runoff. Journal of Hydrology, 77 (1-4). pp. 1-18.

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Models of the rainfall-runoff process can be segregated into two classes: those based on input-output (black box) techniques, and those based, directly or indirectly, on the laws of physics. Both approaches have limitations and advantages. In this paper a combined model is described which incorporates an approximate description of the physical process to estimate effective precipitation and uses the input-output estimation procedure of the constrained linear system (CLS) model to relate effective precipitation to runoff. Results are presented which demonstrate that certain problems of poor calibration and prediction encountered with the CLS model are significantly reduced by using estimated effective precipitation in place of actual precipitation. Use of the precipitation preprocessor with the CLS runoff model effectively incorporates nonlinear and time-variant dynamics without the necessity for multiple-parameter vectors and antecedent precipitation thresholds required by the original version of CLS. Additional refinements, including time variability of some of the parameters, can easily be accommodated in the new formulation.

Item ID: 21630
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 0022-1694
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2012 05:06
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090509 Water Resources Engineering @ 50%
09 ENGINEERING > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090799 Environmental Engineering not elsewhere classified @ 50%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960999 Land and Water Management of Environments not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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