Optimal monitoring network and ground-water-pollution source identification

Mahar, Pooran Singh, and Datta, Bithin (1997) Optimal monitoring network and ground-water-pollution source identification. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 123 (4). pp. 199-207.

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A methodology combining an optimal ground-water–quality monitoring network design and an optimal source-identification model is presented. In the first step of the three-step methodology, an embedded nonlinear optimization model is utilized for preliminary identification of pollutant sources (magnitude, location, and duration of activity) based on observed concentration data from arbitrarily located existing wells. The second step utilizes these preliminary identification results and a simulation optimization approach to design an optimal monitoring network that can be implemented in the subsequent time periods. In the third step, the observed concentration data at the designed monitoring well locations are utilized for more accurate identification of the pollutant sources. The design of the monitoring network can be dynamic in nature, with sequential installation of monitoring wells during subsequent time periods. The monitoring network can be implemented in stages, in order to utilize the updated information in the form of observed concentration data from a time-varying (dynamic) network. The performance evaluation of the proposed methodology demonstrates the potential applicability of this methodology and shows significant improvement in the identification of unknown ground-water–pollution sources with limited observation data.

Item ID: 21623
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1943-5452
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2012 03:50
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090509 Water Resources Engineering @ 50%
09 ENGINEERING > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090799 Environmental Engineering not elsewhere classified @ 50%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960999 Land and Water Management of Environments not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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