Effects of cryoprotectant agents and freezing protocol on motility of black-lip pearl oyster (Pinctada margaritifera L.) spermatozoa

Acosta-Salmón, Héctor , Jerry, Dean R., and Southgate, Paul C. (2007) Effects of cryoprotectant agents and freezing protocol on motility of black-lip pearl oyster (Pinctada margaritifera L.) spermatozoa. Cryobiology, 54 (1). pp. 13-18.

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Gamete cryopreservation techniques have been applied to several bivalve mollusc species. However, research activity in this area has primarily focused on cryopreserving gametes from edible oysters (Ostreiidae). Few studies have examined the effect of cryoprotectants and freezing protocols in the preservation of spermatozoa from cultured pearl oysters (Pteriidae). Pearl oyster producers are increasingly looking towards the development of improved family lines and, as a consequence, the ability to cryopreserve gametes would bring about significant benefits to the cultured pearl industry. In response to this need, we evaluated the effect of three cryoprotectant additives (CPA) on motility of spermatozoa from the black-lip pearl oyster, Pinctada margaritifera. These additives have previously been used to cryopreserve gametes of other bivalve species. The following CPA mixtures were evaluated: (1) 0.45 M trehalose and 0, 0.64, 1.02 and 1.53 M dimethyl sulfoxide (Me2SO); (2) 0.2 M glucose and 2 M Me2SO and (3) 1.31 M propylene glycol (PG). The effects of four different freezing protocols on motility of P. margaritifera spermatozoa were also evaluated (slow, medium, medium-rapid and rapid cooling).

This study showed that total motility was best retained when spermatozoa were cryopreserved in 0.45 M trehalose and 0, 0.64, 1.02 or 1.53 M Me2SO and frozen using slow to medium-rapid cooling rates (2.1–5.2 °C min−1). Rapid freezing through direct plunging of spermatozoa into liquid nitrogen resulted in the lowest overall retention of motility regardless of the CPA additive; however, CPA mixture also influenced retention of motility, with 0.2 M glucose in 2 M Me2SO and 1.31 M PG retaining the lowest levels of motility for the CPAs evaluated.

Item ID: 2162
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1090-2392
Keywords: pearl oyster; Pinctada; cryopreservation; spermatozoa; motility; fertilisation; CASA
Date Deposited: 20 May 2009 05:45
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070401 Aquaculture @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8301 Fisheries - Aquaculture > 830199 Fisheries - Aquaculture not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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