Identification of unknown groundwater pollution sources using classical optimization with linked simulation

Datta, Bithin, Chakrabarty, Dibakar, and Dhar, Anirban (2011) Identification of unknown groundwater pollution sources using classical optimization with linked simulation. Journal of Hydro-Environment Research, 5 (1). pp. 25-36.

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Identification of unknown groundwater pollution sources still remains a challenging problem. Some of the complexities include: sparse observation data, substantial variation in magnitude of the source fluxes distributed over space and time, uncertainties in the imposed initial and boundary conditions. Methodologies already developed for optimal identification of pollution sources using concentration measurements and hydraulic data suffer from a number of limitations. As an alternative, a source identification methodology is proposed that uses a classical nonlinear optimization model linked to a flow and transport simulation model. The groundwater flow and transport simulator is linked to the nonlinear optimization model as an external module. The essential link between the simulator and the optimization method are the derivatives or gradient information required for the optimization algorithm. This proposed methodology is potentially applicable to large scale study areas and does not posses some of the computational limitations of some earlier developed methodologies, using nonlinear programming with the flow and transport process governing equations embedded as equality constraints within the optimization model. Performance of the proposed source identification methodology using spatiotemporal pollutant concentration measurements are evaluated by solving illustrative problems. Two different optimization formulations models are developed. The relative importance of the model formulations is demonstrated in terms of computational efficiency. The limited performance evaluations reported here demonstrate the potential applicability of the developed methodology using nonlinear programming and linked flow and transport simulation model for a fairly large study area with multiple unknown pollution sources.

Item ID: 21200
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1876-4444
Keywords: groundwater pollution; identification; simulation models; optimization
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2012 04:44
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090509 Water Resources Engineering @ 50%
09 ENGINEERING > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090799 Environmental Engineering not elsewhere classified @ 50%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960999 Land and Water Management of Environments not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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