Seasonal changes in recruitment of Pteria penguin in North Queensland, Australia

Milione, Michael, and Southgate, Paul (2011) Seasonal changes in recruitment of Pteria penguin in North Queensland, Australia. Journal of Shellfish Research, 30 (1). pp. 89-94.

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Abstract

Spat recruitment of the winged pearl oyster Pteria penguin, in relation to season, substrate type, and depth was investigated at Orpheus Island in north Queensland for 27 mo, from February 2008 to April 2010. Two substrate types (70% shade cloth and open-weave polypropylene mesh bags) were deployed at 2 depths (4 m and 6 m) and checked every 6 wk for 3 spawning seasons to determine any differences in quantity of spatfall between these factors. No significant difference was found in spat recruitment between substrate types (P = 0.158) or depth (P = 0.349), although there was a significant seasonal effect on spat recruitment (P < 0.001), with a peak in the quantity of spatfall in late summer, from February to March, and no spat collected in the winter to spring (July to October). Maximum settlement of spat was 10.2 spat per mesh bag collector in February 2008. Recruitment was significantly reduced (P < 0.001) during the 2010 spawning season as a result of disturbance from severe storms generated by tropical cyclone Olga in late January.

Item ID: 20786
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1943-6319
Keywords: winged pearl oyster, Pteria penguin, spat, reproduction, pearl oyster
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2012 06:13
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070401 Aquaculture @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8301 Fisheries - Aquaculture > 830104 Aquaculture Oysters @ 100%
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