Governance factors in the identification of global conservation priorities for mammals

Eklund, Johanna, Arponen, Anni, Visconti, Piero, and Cabeza, Mar (2011) Governance factors in the identification of global conservation priorities for mammals. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 366 (1578). pp. 2661-2669.

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Global conservation priorities have often been identified based on the combination of species richness and threat information. With the development of the field of systematic conservation planning, more attention has been given to conservation costs. This leads to prioritizing developing countries, where costs are generally low and biodiversity is high. But many of these countries have poor governance, which may result in ineffective conservation or in larger costs than initially expected. We explore how the consideration of governance affects the selection of global conservation priorities for the world's mammals in a complementarity-based conservation prioritization. We use data on Control of Corruption (Worldwide Governance Indicators project) as an indicator of governance effectiveness, and gross domestic product per capita as an indicator of cost. We show that, while core areas with high levels of endemism are always selected as important regardless of governance and cost values, there are clear regional differences in selected sites when biodiversity, cost or governance are taken into account separately. Overall, the analysis supports the concentration of conservation efforts in most of the regions generally considered of high priority, but stresses the need for different conservation approaches in different continents owing to spatial patterns of governance and economic development.

Item ID: 20715
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1471-2970
Keywords: spatial conservation prioritization; mammals; good governance; corruption; conservation effectiveness
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This article has been made available under a CC-BY 4.0 licence

Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2012 06:29
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960899 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity of Environments not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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