Improving Chlamydia trachomatis retesting rates by mailed self-collection kit

Buhrer-Skinner, Monika, Muller, Reinhold, Buettner, Petra G., Gordon, Rose, and Debattista, Joseph (2011) Improving Chlamydia trachomatis retesting rates by mailed self-collection kit. Sexual Health, 8 (2). pp. 248-250.

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Background: To assess a mailed self-collection kit for chlamydia testing as an intervention to increase post-treatment retesting rates.

Methods: This prospective intervention study took place at a sexual health clinic in Townsville, North Queensland (Australia) between 2006 and 2008. The intervention consisted of offering to mail a self-collection kit for retesting 3 months after treatment. The achieved retesting rates were compared to those from the previous year and to concurrent controls who did not participate in the intervention. Both control groups received standard advice on retesting.

Results: Of the 46 participants in the intervention group, 34.8% returned the sample for retesting 3 to 4 months after initial treatment, in comparison to 6.8% of the historic control groups (n = 206) and 1.4% of the concurrent control group (n = 142) (P < 0.001, respectively).

Conclusions: Retesting rates for Chlamydia trachomatis were substantially and significantly improved using the mailed self-collection kit evidencing that the kit could deliver a much needed intervention to improve notoriously low retesting rates.

Item ID: 20648
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1449-8987
Keywords: Australia; non-clinic based testing; postal kit
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2012 04:24
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111706 Epidemiology @ 90%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110324 Venereology @ 10%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920401 Behaviour and Health @ 70%
92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920203 Diagnostic Methods @ 30%
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